The Dutch emission rate is around 0.4%, but the country`s per capita emissions are higher than the European average. The Paris agreement also provided that individual countries were free to decide what steps they would take to achieve climate goals. The Dutch influence on global warming is minimal. But Rutte`s attempt to lead international climate efforts could be a wise step. It gives us the opportunity to fulfill our international and moral obligations and to export valuable knowledge and experience in the field of energy transition. Economists Willem Vermeend and Rick van der Ploeg argue that a carbon tax is inevitable to save a flawed climate deal. The climate law aims to strengthen the security of citizens and businesses in the Netherlands on climate targets. Under the Climate Act, the government is required to develop a climate plan setting out measures to ensure the achievement of the objectives set by law. The national climate agreement provides agreements with sectors on what they will do to help achieve these climate goals. As we have already said, companies should pay a carbon tax.
This would encourage entrepreneurs to use new technologies to improve climate policy. The current climate agreement encourages a bureaucratic and costly approach to banning gas from homes and public buildings in the form of heat pumps. Countries such as Japan and the United Kingdom are opting for additional gas and hydrogen technologies. The United Kingdom is adapting the gas network for the transport of hydrogen, a relatively advantageous option that the Netherlands may well explore. At the climate change conference in Poland in December 2018, it became clear that this alarming message had not had a major impact. There is even a global tendency to delay climate policy, often due to pressure from fast-growing populist parties. The decision, based in part on human rights theories, stated that the potential for damage to present and future generations was so great and concrete that “the state, given its duty of care, must make an adequate contribution, more important than its current contribution to avoid dangerous climate change.” To combat climate change, the Dutch government wants to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the Netherlands by 49% by 2030 compared to 1990 and by 95% by 2050. These targets are set out in the May 28, 2019 climate law. The Climate Plan, the National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) and the National Climate Agreement include policies and measures to achieve these goals.
In many countries, enthusiasm for climate policy is fading. The current cabinet is following a different trajectory and wants this small country, whose emissions are negligible in the world, to become the world champion of climate action. In response to Friday`s ruling in the Netherlands, Mary Robinson, former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and former President of Ireland, said: “After the UN climate talks in Madrid, the urgency of intensifying our efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions could not be clearer.” The new decision, she said, “confirms that governments have a legal and moral obligation to significantly increase their climate change ambitions. Our human rights depend on it. In its decision on Friday, the Supreme Court said it had based its (Dutch) ruling on the UN Convention on Climate Change and the state`s legal obligation to protect the lives and well-being of Dutch citizens.