Between 2008 and 2014, the Fed introduced quantitative easing (QE) to stimulate the economy. The Fed has built up reserves to buy securities, which has significantly increased its balance sheet and the supply of reserves to the banking system. As a result, the pre-crisis framework was no longer working, so the Fed moved to a “broad reserve” framework with new instruments – interest on excess reserves (IORR) and overnight deposits (ONRRP), the two interest rates that the Fed itself sets – to control its main short-term interest rate. In January 2019, the Federal Reserve`s open market committee – the Fed`s policy committee – confirmed that it “intends to continue to implement monetary policy in a regime where a sufficient reserve offer will ensure that control of the level of the Federal Funds and other short-term interest rates is primarily through the setting of interest rates managed by the Federal Reserve and in which active management of the federal reserve reserve is not necessary.” When the Fed ended its asset buyback program in 2014, the supply of excess reserves in the banking system began to shrink. When the Fed began to reduce its balance sheet in 2017, reserves fell more rapidly. An open pension contract (also called on demand) works in the same way as an appointment period, except that the trader and counterparty accept the transaction without setting the due date. On the contrary, trade can be terminated by both parties by notifying the other party before an agreed daily period. If an open deposit is not completed, it is automatically crushed every day. Interest is paid monthly and the interest rate is reassessed by mutual agreement at regular intervals. The interest rate on an open pension is generally close to the federal rate. An open repo is used to invest cash or finance assets if the parties do not know how long it will take them. But almost all open agreements are concluded in a year or two. In India, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) uses repo and Reverse Repo to increase or reduce the money supply in the economy.
The interest rate at which the RBI lends to commercial banks is referred to as “repo”). In the event of inflation, the RBI can increase the pension rate, which prevents banks from lending and reduces the money supply of the economy.  From September 2020, RBI rest is set at 4.00% and reverse rest at 3.35%.  The Fed makes reverse deposits with primary traders and other banks, government-subsidized companies and money funds.